Public health surveillance is one of the most effective and efficient ways of monitoring population health on daily basis. The main purpose of the communicable disease surveillance is to identify potential threats to public health due to communicable disease and to provide guidance to prevention and control programs. Most people do not recognize the critical role public health surveillance plays in their daily lives. The reason is that potential threats to people’s are either being eliminated or eradicated before they start appearing in large populations. At the local level, surveillance of communicable disease serves various functions including monitoring trends of infectious diseases, assessment of communicable disease risks, and to provide information which may be used to track the progress of disease prevention and control programs. Communicable disease surveillance plays a major role in local, state and national health security through early detection of outbreaks and effective public health response to prevent dangerous large scale health impact.
Communicable Disease Report