Hepatitis A

Southeast Michigan has been combating a large hepatitis A outbreak since 2016. Ingham County has a small number of cases possibly linked to the outbreak.

Hepatitis A is a vaccine-preventable, contagious liver disease. It is often spread through the ingestion of food or water contaminated with infected feces or oral contact with contaminated objects. Transmission can occur easily among household contacts and sexual partners. Risk factors in Ingham County include: homelessness or use of transient housing, illicit drug use, incarceration, men who have sex with men, and sex workers and their clients.

Illness generally occurs two to six weeks after exposure to the hepatitis A virus and includes fatigue, abdominal pain, yellow skin (jaundice), dark urine and pale stool. It can range from a mild illness lasting a few weeks to a serious illness lasting several months. Some people have no symptoms. Vaccination and thorough hand washing can prevent infection.

People who believe they have been exposed to hepatitis A or who have symptoms should contact their health care provider immediately. Anyone who wants to be vaccinated should contact their health care provider or the Ingham County Immunization Clinic at (517) 887-4316.

Resources

Tri-Fold Brochure-2017 Hepatitis A Outbreak
Information for First Responders
Vaccination Prioritization for Food Handlers and Healthcare Workers
Important Hepatitis A Information for Food Employees
Guidelines for Environmental Cleaning and Disinfection (Follow guidelines for Norovirus)

For more information from the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, visit www.mi.gov/HepatitisAOutbreak